Exploring Decentralized Autonomous Organizations: Towards Shared Interests and ‘Code is Constitution’
Ziolkowski, Rafael ; Miscione, Gianluca ; Schwabe, Gerhard
In recent years, scholarly interest research on blockchain technology steadily increased. While the underlying technology matures, observed problems in the field show questions of governance to remain crucial, even though scarcely studied empirically. One approach of solving these problems can be seen in decentralized autonomous organizations, which describes a new type of organizing that is grounded on consensus-based, distributed autonomy. The governance peculiarities of DAOs is fairly unexplored, and this is where this research commences. In an exploratory multiple case study consisting of three popular DAOs Aragon, Tezos, and DFINITY, their governance peculiarities are worked out by analyzing grey literature to understand stakeholder interests, incentivization, control, and coordination mechanisms, technical considerations, and external influences from off-chain entities. In the context of an on-andoff-chain continuum, it appears that DAOs provide mechanisms that might enable autonomous decisionmaking but, at the same time, find themselves strongly influenced by the interests of various stakeholders.
Dao, Smart Contracts